In our Country , the capital itself is known to be one of the most dangerous cities to live in . Many protests took place all over the country against the lame status of law and order. After that, the ruling body came up with provisions to set the motion of justice favoring the victim. Alas! the tragedy lies in unawareness of masses regarding their rights and on the part of government failing to spread awareness, as well. Zero FIR is one such provision, which might help the victim to appeal for investigation without wasting time. To understand Zero FIR, first let us know what is a FIR, i.e. First Information Report.
But, many times the victims are denied the right to file a FIR by police authorities because the area of crime took does not fall under their jurisdiction. Remember, the scene from film PINK,
“a still from film PINK, when Meenal Arora approaches police station to file a FIR “
when after being molested and threatened in a moving car , by some boys . Minal Arora, (played by Taapsee Panu) is denied of her rights to file an FIR in a police station with a statement : “Lekin ghatna to surajkund ki hai” That meant the area of crime does not fall under their jurisdiction. Many victims like her , who have not faced legal proceedings ever in their life, are unaware of such proceedings and provisions provided by law.
The concept of Zero FIR :
The concept of zero FIR came after the Nirbhaya case of December 2012,On January 18,2013 after strong protests by the citizens.
The provision of Zero FIR came up as a recommendation in Justice Verma Committee Report in the new Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 after the heinous Nirbhaya case of December 2012.
The provision says :
A FIR can be filed at any police station irrespective of place of crime and area of jurisdiction. This provision is for everyone . When in trouble Men and women will be benefited equally.
The introduction of the concept Zero FIR is an applaudable effort for ensuring that the procedure of investigation in motion starts without wasting much time. When the victim files a FIR, if it becomes apparent that the crime was committed outside the jurisdiction of the police station, then a FIR is lodged by the police under the serial numbers “00”. It is then transferred to the concerned police station under which the case falls so that investigation process starts swiftly . Zero FIR allows the authorities to think about the initial action that they should take rather than trying to figure out what had happened at the crime scene initially.One great advantage is that the victim is not compelled to run from pillars to post,her complaint is lodged considering her statements to be gospel truth.
What if police refuse to file a Zero FIR?
Police authorities can not refuse to register a FIR on the basis that crime was not committed under their jurisdiction. A police officer who does not register an F.I.R relating to an identifiable crime can be punished with imprisonment ranging from six months up to two years and fine.
The report against The self-proclaimed godman Asaram Bapu was filed as a Zero FIR. The complaint about the crime committed in Jodhpur was lodged in Delhi by a minor girl who hailed from UP. Delhi Police then booked Asaram under the charges of rape and wrongful confinement on August 21. The case was later transferred to Jodhpur police, where the actual crime took place.
Why it is needed:
- In India, 93 cases of rapes are reported every day. Provisions like ZERO FIR are essential to bring out the process of justice in a very efficient fashion. Many cases go unsolved because of lack of evidence, which was lost because of wastage of time.
- Crimes like murder, rape and accidents require immediate action from the concerned police authorities so that they take appropriate samples, eyewitnesses, and other circumstantial details.
- Zero FIR is a great asset when you are traveling and unfortunately become a victim of any cognizable crime .You can reach any police station and file a zero FIR .
The concept of Zero FIR is a free jurisdiction FIR. It was introduced in order to avoid the delay in filing the crime that adversely impacts the victim . The government should run campaigns to make people aware of such provisions and peoples should also show more concern about knowing their rights.
Say NO to ignorance , say NO to injustice, No means NO
Know your rights, citizens!
Know your rights!